Inspite of the overwhelming heterosexuality of conventional news representations…

Regardless of the overwhelming heterosexuality of conventional news representations, portrayals of gay and lesbian people on tv have grown to be significantly more prevalent since 1997 whenever Ellen became 1st tv program to own a gay character that is leading. This enhance is visible into the introduction of homosexual characters on numerous programs such as for example Spin City, ER, Dawson’s Creek, and Buffy the Vampire Slayer, along with demonstrates that give attention to homosexual figures in leading functions such as for instance Will and Grace and it is All general. In addition, cable channels have actually included programs such as for example Queer as Folk, Six Feet Under, and Oz that depict homosexual figures much more complex plot lines sufficient reason for more explicit sexual habits.

Even though existence of lgbt figures might have increased recently on both broadcast that is commercial cable sites, it really is ambiguous exactly how usually television addresses the intimate dilemmas and issues of intimate minorities.

As noted early in the day, when homosexual and lesbian figures have been contained in programs, they’ve frequently been portrayed in asexual contexts. Additionally, the majority of what happens to be posted up to now about homosexuality and tv happens to be qualitative (including show that is single studies), concentrating on just exactly just how certain programs have actually portrayed homosexual figures. Although many content analyses have actually evaluated the total amount of sexual content shown on tv generally speaking (Cope Farrar & Kunkel, 2002; Greenberg et that is al; Kunkel et al., 1999, 2003; Kunkel, Cope Farrar, Biely, Maynard Farinola, & Donnerstein, 2001; Sapolsky & Tabarlet, 1991; Ward, 1995), none have actually reported from the prevalence of intimate portrayals and speak about sexual dilemmas linked to gays, lesbians, or bisexuals.

This paper is targeted on factors evaluating content that is nonheterosexual had been included included in two bigger content analyses examining intimate content more broadly on US tv.

Information through the 2001 2002 and 2002 2003 tv seasons are widely used to respond to questions concerning the prevalence and regularity of sexual behavior and intimate talk relating to nonheterosexuals. Particularly, the info analyses address two broad research concerns: (1) from what extent are nonheterosexual intimate themes, particularly sexual behavior and speak about sex, present in tv development general and just just what habits emerge across system genres, community kinds, and prime time versus nonprime time development? (2) When nonheterosexual content that is sexual happen, what exactly is its frequency and exactly how does it sex chatrooms differ across genres, sort of community, and prime time versus nonprime time development?

System Examples

A 3 composite week sampling plan ended up being utilized to have two big yearly random examples of tv programs of best interest to adolescents and that were comprehensive on most portions regarding the television industry. Programs had been taped from 11 channels 6 commercial broadcast companies (ABC, CBS, Fox, NBC, UPN, and WB) and 5 cable sites (BET, Cinemax, HBO, MTV, and Showtime). As the content analyses had been section of a more substantial scientific study on tv visibility and adolescent sexuality, a few sites had been included for their interest young audiences including UPN, which televises a considerable wide range of programs with young African American characters (e.g., The Steve Harvey Show, Moesha, Fresh Prince of Bel Air, One on One); WB, which tailors its programming to white youth, with programs such as for instance Gilmore Girls, 7th paradise, Sabrina, and Smallville; and MTV, which will show music videos as well as other programs (age.g., dating truth programs) watched by many people teenagers and teenagers.

Composite week sampling designs have now been utilized in past content analysis studies to get representative examples of tv development (Kunkel et al., 1999, 2001, 2003; Madden & Grube, 1994; Wallack, Grube, Madden, & Breed, 1990; Wilson et al., 1997). This sampling strategy involves arbitrarily choosing times of the week or particular time slots for recording over weeks to cut back possible bias that would be introduced if all taping had been done in just a calendar week that is single. Recording for the test happened mainly more than a 7 period in the fall each year week. Because season premiere episodes are staggered through the entire thirty days of September, we started taping as soon as all nonsyndicated show had been showing episodes through the season that is current. Each week, three various times of the week had been arbitrarily chosen for taping from all 11 stations, along with 7 days of this week represented 3 times when you look at the sample. The 8 hour time block for taping extended from 3:00 p.m. (of which time many youth are away from college) to 11:00 p.m. (through prime time). The entire process of recapturing missed episodes (like those which is why the satellite sign had been lost or the show was pre empted by sporting or other unique events) continued through the entire winter time.






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